What is hair transplant surgery?
Hair transplant surgery extracts hair and follicles from an area of the scalp where hair is healthy and abundant, and implants them into the area of the scalp where hair has been lost.
The donor site is the area of the scalp where the hair and follicles are removed from and the recipient site is the area of the scalp where the donor hair is transplanted to.
Harvesting is the removal of the hair and follicles from the donor site and is a multi-step procedure. The planning stage is crucial, and no hair will be removed until a plan has been completed for the entire procedure.
What is the procedure behind hair transplant surgery?
There are two methods typically used for hair transplants, and your doctor will select the appropriate method for you:
Follicular Unit Strip Surgery (FUSS):
With this technique, the surgeon will remove a 6 to 10 inch strip of skin from the back of your head, set is to one side and sew that area of the scalp closed. The area of surgery will immediately be hidden by the surrounding hair. Then, the surgeon’s team will divide the strip of scalp that they’ve removed into 500 to 2,000 minute grafts, each one holding an individual hair or several.
The type of graft and amount of follicles to be transplanted is dependent on hair type, hair quality, colour and the size of the area where the hair is being transplanted to.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE):
This method involves the back of your head being shaved by the surgeon’s team, then the doctor will remove the hair follicles individually from that area. This area quickly heals and existing hair will cover it.
After this point in the procedure, both methods are identical. After readying the grafts, the surgeon cleans and anaesthetises the area of the scalp where the hair will be transplanted, and creates small holes or slits with a scalpel or needle. Then, he carefully places each graft into the holes or slits, and may seek the help of his surgical team in order to perform the procedure more efficiently.